370 Summit - Past Owners
J.R. Mitchell - (1909-1924) John R. Mitchell commissioned Clarence H. Johnston, Sr. to design the home at 370 Summit. Mitchell was the President of Capital National Bank of St. Paul. The bank was located in the Manhattan Building (now the Empire Building) that Johnston had designed nearly 20 years before and in which he still had offices. One can speculate that Mitchell selected the stately Georgian Revival design to reflect his position of conservative stature as bank president.
Mitchell was born in 1868 and spent his childhood in Franklin, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Yale in 1888 or 1889 and moved to Winona, Minnesota. In 1897 Mitchell became Vice President of the Winona Deposit Bank. After several years there he moved to Saint Paul where he became President of Capital National Bank in 1906 and served in that capacity until 1920. During those years he maintained interest in banks in Duluth and Winona. Mitchell was credited with having a wide knowledge of banking issues in the region and was a recognized authority on agricultural affairs in the area.
Mitchell married Mary Ella Lamberton and they raised three children. She died on July 29th, 1909, before the home at 370 Summit was completed. He was remarried to Adelia S. Anderson and lived at 370 Summit with her, two of his children, a step-daughter, and three servants.
Mary Ella Lamberton
On April 27th, 1921, President Warren G. Harding appointed Mitchell to a ten year term as a member of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System that had been formed in 2013. Before taking the position he resigned as Vice President of the Twin City Rapid Transit Company. On May 12, 1923, he resigned from the Federal Reserve Board of Governors because he desired to return to private business in Saint Paul.
On September 1, 1924, the Federal Reserve Board of Governors appointed him Chairman of the Ninth District Federal Reserve Bank Board of Governors located in Minneapolis and made him a Federal Reserve agent. (Mitchell’s critical role in helping secure Minneapolis as the site of the Ninth District Federal Reserve Bank can be found in Appendix I with text taken from the website of the Ninth District Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.) Following his appointment Mitchell moved with his wife, Adelia, to Minneapolis renting a house at 109 East 24th Street. He lived in Minneapolis until his death of a heart attack on January 31st 1933 at the age of 65. Funeral services were held at the house of Hope Presbyterian Church in Saint Paul. He was buried in Winona, Minnesota. At the time of his death he was Vice President of the Cedar Lake Ice & Fuel Company and a Director of the firm. He was a past President of the Minnesota Bankers Association.
The way 370 Summit may have looked in the 1920s.
Picture taken by Bob Muschewske during filming of the movie, "The Spirits of Saint Paul."
John Paul Upham - Years?
Leo E. Owens - Years?
Patrick and Aimee Mott Butler - (1939-1974) Patrick, known as the "Saint of Summit Avenue" for his work with recovering alcoholics, participated as a member of a family-owned company - the Butler Brothers - that first built a fortune in the construction industry and later in the Iron Range mining industry. Construction of the State Capitol in Saint Paul was a proud achievement of the Butlers. Upon changing its focus to the mining industry, the company played a key role at the beginning of the steel age in making the U.S. a world power by supplying it with high-grade, low-cost iron from northern Minnesota. Patrick's uncle, Pierce Butler, was a prominent Saint Paul attorney who became an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1923 and served there until his death in 1939.
Married in 1926 to Patrick, Aimee was the daughter of Charles Stuart Mott - a key contributor to the early growth of General Motors and considered to be one of the richest men in the world through ownership of over four million shares of GM stock.
Patrick was brought up in a hard-drinking Irish family and realized in the late 1940s that he was an alcoholic as was his brother, Lawrence. Hazelden, the world famous addiction treatment facility located in Center City, Minnesota, was founded in 1949 and Lawrence was one of its first success stories. Patrick, having retired from the business as a millionaire, went through the program twice in 1950 and achieved sobriety that he maintained until his death in 1990. In the early 1950s Hazelden experienced financial difficulties. The Butler family, led by Patrick, agreed to acquire the facility and provided the Hazelden Foundation with the financial resources needed for its continued growth. Patrick dedicated the rest of his life to helping others suffering from addiction and assumed the role of president of the board in 1952 and chairman in 1971 - a position that he held until 1989. The carriage house located on the bluff below 370 Summit and the third floor of the main house were often made available to individuals or families in need as they went through the recovery process.
The commitment to help others lives on the The Patrick and Aimee Butler Family Foundation founded in 1951. Governed now by the children and grandchildren of Patrick and Aimee, the Foundation's priorities affirm the legacy of the founders by continuing to support human services, chemical dependency programs, the arts and the environment.
J. Curtis and Susan Kovacs - (1974-1980) J. Curtis Kovacs was a prominent Saint Paul physician. He and Susan lived in the home in the mid- to late-1970s.
John Rupp - (1980) John's role as owner is described above.
Marvin Dunnette and Leaetta Hough-Dunnette - (1980-2009) Marvin and Leaetta each held a Ph.D. in Industrial-Organizational (I-O) Psychology from the University of Minnesota. Marvin, a professor at the University, authored some of the most significant publications in the field of I-O Psychology in the 20th century. He was often referred to as the "father" of modern I-O Psychology and played many key roles in transforming I-O Psychology into a model of both science and practice. He founded Personnel Decisions International (PDI) - a leader in the field of human resources management consulting, mentored 62 Ph.D. students and received the Distinguished Scientific Contributions Award from the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). He was elected president of SIOP and a chair in his honor was funded primarily by his students - the Marvin Dunnette Distinguished Chair in I-O Psychology at the University of Minnesota. Leaetta joined with Marvin in 1975 to found Personnel Decisions Research Institute (PDRI), a non-profit dedicated to leading-edge research and evidence-based applications of science to the world of work. Together they edited a classic in the field - the four-volume Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. Marv's creative thinking, research, clarity of writing, iconoclastic critiques and sense of humor weakened in the last ten years of his life as he suffered the ravages of Alzheimer's disease. The Hough-Dunnette fund was created at The Saint Paul Foundation by Leaetta and Marvin to support research related to Parkinson's disease (the cause of her mother's death) and Alzheimer's disease.
Information about Leaetta is found in the next section - Current Owners.